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ProQuest Services are provided pursuant to contracts with businesses, universities, schools institutions, and directly with researchers. Under those contracts, ProQuest uses cookies to improve the functionality of our websites and to enable us to better understand how you use our services. A cookie is a tiny text document, which usually includes anonymous information about the user. Except as specifically noted below, our cookies are never used to serve you advertising nor does ProQuest provide any usage or search data to advertising agencies. You can set your browser to not accept ProQuest’s cookies, but you might not be able to access all aspects of the ProQuest Site you are visiting.

The list below describes the cookies we use on ProQuest Sites where data is or may be collected. Any other cookies we use do not collect personal information or user behavior data.

ProQuest Cookies are cookies that are set by a ProQuest website directly. ProQuest uses cookies for as long as they are needed for your experience, and then are discarded. We use cookies in a variety of different ways, including:

Site Performance Cookies: This type of cookie remembers your preferences for tools found on ProQuest Sites, so you don't have to re-set them each time you visit. For example, our servers may automatically record, and we may collect, information that your computer's browser sends whenever you visit any website. These server logs may include information such as the home server (including the institution) of the user; database or profiles accessed; searches performed; portions of site visited; web request(s); Internet Protocol address; research history; keyword searched; materials accessed, downloaded or printed; usage information; browser type; browser language; the date and time of your request(s); and one or more cookies that may uniquely identify your computer's browser. Our servers do not record or recognize names or email addresses of the user.

Anonymous Analytics Cookies: Every time a user visits one of our websites, web analytics software provided by a third party generates an anonymous analytics cookie. These cookies can tell us whether or not you have visited the site before, data required by ProQuest to meets its contractual obligations. Your browser will tell us if you have these cookies, and if you don't, we generate new ones. This allows us to track how many individual unique users we have, and how often they visit the site, which in turn allows us to adjust content and delivery methods, if needed. These cookies cannot be used to identify individuals; they are used for statistical purposes only.

Geotargeting Cookies: These cookies determine the country from which you are accessing our content. This cookie is global in nature, anonymous, and is only used to help provide the appropriate content pursuant to the contracts ProQuest has with its content providers or the institution through which you are accessing the ProQuest Services.

Registration and Session Cookies: When you register with one of the ProQuest Sites, we generate cookies that signal whether you are signed in or not, since your credentials are required in order to view various content. Our servers use these cookies to work out which account you are signed in with, and if you are allowed access to a particular service. It also allows us to associate any comments you post with your account. If you are provided with the option and you do not select “keep me signed in,” your session cookie will expire when you sign out of your account, close your browser or shut down your computer. While you are signed in to one of the ProQuest Services, we use information from both your registration and session cookies with analytics cookies, described below.

Registration and Session cookies store your credentials so that you may access the ProQuest Sites without having to re-enter authenticating information each time you move through our site or access ProQuest Services, or to enable you to see, track, and/or store your log in information, previous searches and/or research sessions, databases accessed, and other information.

No Advertising Cookies and Tracking

  • ProQuest Services do not place advertising cookies and do not collect data in order to deliver advertising to you either while you are using the ProQuest Services, or once you leave the ProQuest Services.
  • Other ProQuest Sites (e.g. marketing, technical support sites) may use additional cookies to track your use of the site and your return at a later date. The acceptance of these cookies in order to use such ProQuest Sites is optional.
  • ProQuest Sites do not respond to or acknowledge the Do Not Track option on your browser.

Third Party Cookies

Third party cookies are set on your machine by external websites in connection with services that are used on the ProQuest Sites. Cookies of this type include the sharing buttons across the site that allow visitors to share content onto social networks. In order to implement these buttons, and connect them to the relevant social networks and external sites, there are scripts from domains outside of the ProQuest Sites. You should be aware that these sites are likely to be collecting information about what you are doing all around the internet, including on the ProQuest Sites. You should check the respective policies of each of these sites if you wish to learn how these sites use your information.

On some pages with ProQuest Services, third parties may also set their own cookies for the purposes of tracking the success of the application used within or customizing the application for you. Because of how cookies work, ProQuest cannot access these cookies, nor can the third parties access data in other cookies used by the ProQuest Sites.

ProQuest Sites use Google Analytics tools to collect information about use of our sites. Google Analytics collects information such as how often users visit the ProQuest Sites, what pages they visit when they do so, and what other sites they used prior to coming to this site. Google Analytics collects only the IP address assigned to you on the date you visit this site, rather than your name or other identifying information. We use the information we get from Google Analytics only to improve ProQuest Sites. We do not nor do we permit Google to combine the information collected through Google Analytics with personally identifiable information.

Although Google Analytics uses a permanent cookie on your web browser to identify you as a unique user the next time you visit this site, the cookie is specific to ProQuest Sites and cannot be used by anyone but Google. Google’s ability to use and share information collected by Google Analytics about your visits to ProQuest Sites is restricted by the Google Analytics Terms of Use and the Google Privacy Policy. You can prevent Google Analytics from recognizing you on return visits to this site by disabling cookies on your browser or installing the Google Analytics Opt-Out Browser Plug-In.