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The U.S. State Department Central Files are the definitive source of American diplomatic reporting on political, military, social, and economic developments throughout the world in the 20th century. Concentrating exclusively on those Central Files that have not been microfilmed by the National Archives or other publishers, UPA's microfilm editions of the Central Files nonetheless dwarf the State Department's very selective volumes of the Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS). Containing less than one percent of the material in the Central Files, FRUS focuses on U.S. relations with individual countries but does not include coverage of many of the key topics to which the majority of the original files are devoted. Each part of the Central Files contains a wide range of materials from U.S. diplomats in foreign countries: special reports on political and military affairs; studies and statistics on socioeconomic matters; interviews and minutes of meetings with foreign government officials; court proceedings and other legal documents; full texts of important letters, instructions, and cables sent and received by U.S. diplomatic personnel; voluminous reports and translations from foreign journals and newspapers; and countless translations of high-level foreign government documents. These U.S. State Department Central Files provide in-depth and incisive reporting on the chronic political unrest that commenced with the overthrow of General Maximiliano Herndndez Martinez in 1944. After the election of General Oscar Osorio in 1950, El Salvador enjoyed a period of relative calm and liberalization; nevertheless, even with reform, political and economic power remained in the hands of the army and a small group of elite families, and one of El Salvador's most pressing concerns-land reform-went unaddressed. After Jos6 Maria Lemus was elected President in 1956, he declared a general amnesty for exiles and political prisoners. Economic hardships, however, brought on political unrest among the populace, to which Lemus reacted with repressive measures that led to his downfall in 1960.
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Professor Jessica Marglin is passionate about the testimonies of Sephardic Jews in the Visual History Archive, and that passion has rubbed off onto her students as well.
Renovation of a Free Library of Philadelphia neighborhood branch becomes an opportunity to better serve the unique needs of the community.