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Overview

This series, arranged alphabetically, contains printed material, memorabilia, and related correspondence on forty-one subjects that were of interest to the Garrisons, or about organizations in which they were involved. These topics range far and wide: reform movements (free trade, single tax, suffrage), minor controversies (the dangers of football and the reform of hockey rules), health issues (anti-vaccination, osteopathy, homeopathy), schools and camps (Auburn Female Seminary, Eagleswood School, Country Day School for Boys, Roxbury Latin School, Harvard University, Sidney Lanier Camp), and Garrison homes and retreats (Wianno). Some of the subjects relate to only one Garrison; others relate to several and span the generations. The largest and/or richest subjects are abolition (1833_1962), anti-vaccination (1895_1938), free trade and tariff reform (1887_1959), Harvard University (1891_1967), immigration (1871_1924), pacifism (1839_1940), race (1888_1936), single tax (1877_1947), suffrage (1856_1952), temperance (1828_1908), and Wianno (1905_1966). The abolition files are particularly significant. These include published material on the American (1833_84) and Massachusetts (1837_41) Anti-Slavery Societies; _Anti-Slavery Reminiscences_ by Elizabeth Buffum Chase; correspondence of Maria Weston Chapman, (1835, 1837), and James Miller McKim (1849, 1866); material related to The Liberator including memorabilia (1858_61); printed material, including Anti-Slavery Tracts (1860 and undated); general articles and clippings (1854_1948); and pamphlets (1850_85) and specific printed material on the Fugitive Slave Law (1851_80) and the Kansas/Nebraska Act (1854_60). There is also a record of departed abolitionists (circa 1880) and material related to abolition reunions and anniversaries, (1886_89, n.d.). Items related to the American Freedman's Union Commission (1869, n.d.) are also included in this file. This series contains documentation of an interesting incident involving the propriety of female store clerks. In 1849, women's rights reformers Elizabeth McClintock and Anna Southwick applied for a position in the Philadelphia wholesale business of Edward M. Davis (Lucretia Mott's son-in-law). Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote a letter in support of the women's application. Davis brought the matter before his male clerks and in the end the application was refused. Some of the employees drew caricatures of female clerks. Lucretia Mott sent the drawings to McClintock who responded in kind, enclosing drawings and a _drama._ Most of the drawings are unsigned, but it is presumed that those that portray women clerks in a more positive light were drawn by McClintock or Maria Mott Davis. In addition to the drawing and skit, this file contains correspondence and items from E. M. Davis Co. Free trade and tariff reform are documented by several free trade organizations: the American Free Trade League (1889_1917), the Free Trade League (1919_21), the International Free Trade League (1918_26), and the New England Free Trade League (1896_98). WLG 1838 was secretary of the American Free Trade League and edited the Free Trade Broadside of which there are copies from 1905 to 1916. Frank Wright Garrison was on the Executive Committee for the International Free Trade League, and WLG 1874 was a member. In addition to executive committee minutes and printed material, there is a long sequence of related correspondence (1917_59) as well as clippings, pamphlets, and flyers. The Harvard University material relates primarily to WLG 1874, class of 1897, with a small amount of material related to David Lloyd Garrison, class of 1928. It contains class reunion material, correspondence, and printed items on eight Harvard-related organizations including D.K.E. (1891_92), the Harvard Club of Boston (1912_41), the Harvard Liberal Club of Boston (1918_21), and Harvard Total Abstinence League (1912, n.d.). The immigration file relates primarily to Chinese immigration and includes material on the Chinese Defense Fund (1903_04), the Chinese Equal Rights League (1892), and the National Liberal Immigration League (1907_08). There are quite a few printed items (1885_1924) including pamphlets, articles, clippings, and related correspondence (1871_1908). Series 6 covers thirty-one separately filed organizations and contains ten folders of small amounts of organizational material. These organizations, with items dating from 1897 to 1964, represent the wide range of interests and reform movements in which the Garrisons were involved. These range from liberal causes (American Civil Liberties Union, American Friends Service Committee, Free Religious Association of America, and League for Democratic Control) to conservation and birding organizations (Massachusetts Audubon Society, Nature Conservancy, and Nuttall Ornithological Club) and genealogical societies (Massachusetts Society of Colonial Dames and New England Historic Genealogical Society). The Garrison summer retreat was located on Cape Cod at Wianno in Osterville, Massachusetts. Osterville material consists of reports, correspondence, clippings, and printed material on the Osterville Free Public Library (WLG 1874 was on its board of trustees for many years.) There are also items related to reunions of residents of Osterville (1905_07) plus miscellaneous historical items (1877_1969). Wianno documents include blueprints (1912_27); maintenance, insurance, real estate, and miscellaneous correspondence (1905_50); deeds, titles and inventories (1920_43); and correspondence, organizational documents and printed material on the Wianno Club (1904_33). The pacifism file contains correspondence and printed material (1907_25); a file on military training (1904_26); and correspondence and printed material on peace organizations, including the American Union Against Militarism, the Women's Peace Party (1915_17), and the Women's Peace Society (1920_25). Series 6 also contains an extensive and rich file related to racial discrimination. Subjects include anti-lynching (1888_1904), education (1894_1930), military personnel (1898_1906), suffrage (1898_1906), and miscellaneous printed material (1895_1914). The education file contains correspondence and printed material on Berea College (1894_09), Calhoun Colored School (1909_26), Forsythe Normal and Industrial School (1902_18), Hampton Normal and Agriculture Institute (1919_21), and Tuskegee Institute (1885_1930). WLG 1838, Ellen Wright Garrison, Eleanor Garrison, Agnes Garrison, WLG 1874, and Edith Stephenson Garrison were all suffragists. There is a particularly rich collection of suffrage items related to their activities. The file contains correspondence (1898_1952); printed material and clippings, (1867_1916) from both the British and American suffrage movement; memorabilia (1900_50); records of nine suffrage organizations; and documents related to three suffrage/women's rights conventions (1856, 1870, and 1872). The largest file in this series is on the single tax. There is extensive correspondence, especially with political reformer and single taxer Daniel Kiefer; writings of Henry George; and records of fifteen separate single tax organizations including various state single tax leagues, the Single Tax Party, and the United Committee for the Taxation of Land Values. There are runs of eleven single tax periodicals. Printed material includes articles and pamphlets (1887_1935), clippings (1888_1928), _quotable authorities_ collected by WLG 1838 (1887_1905), and miscellaneous material (1887_1932). The temperance file is related to both alcohol and tobacco. It contains articles, clippings, pamphlets, and miscellaneous printed material (1879_1908), information on the Massachusetts Total Abstinence Society (undated), and the Women's Christian Temperance Union (1919).

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