The Rearmament of Japan speaks with rare immediacy to this cold-war definition of peace and focuses on U.S efforts to both rearm Japan and later ally with her in a series of cooperative security agreements against the Communist threat. With vital U.S. government materials collected here, scholars are able to reevaluate the moral and political dilemma of Japan_s remilitarization. nt-family: 'Book Antiqua' The end of U.S. Occupation in 1952 marked the beginning of a new and complex relationship between the United States and Japan. Gone was the Occupation experiment in which the victor nations attempted to redefine the sovereignty of Japan with the goal of eradicating militarism. By 1953, the United States and Japan were equal nations but, according to the Peace Treaty of 1951, still interdependent. When the United States signed that treaty and assumed responsibility for the security of Japan and the Far East, it ensured that the two nations_ military and economic resources would become inextricably linked. nt-family: 'Book Antiqua' nt-family: 'Book Antiqua' With material in Part 2, scholars will gain insight into the evolution of a unique and sometimes difficult U.S._Japan relationship, and determine the price Japan paid for national security.