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These state censuses differ significantly from the census reports gathered and published by the federal government since statistical data needed by the state were often of a far more select and exacting nature than those required for Congressional apportionment.
The state censuses contain information, some of which is unavailable elsewhere, about the population by age, race (slave or free), national origin; number of militia by town or county; statistics of railroad miles completed; value of manufacturers, minerals, agricultural products, etc.; blind, deaf, insane; paupers, convicts, schools, etc.
Some states recorded data by individual names making the censuses an important genealogical source. This microfiche program includes all reports listed in State Censuses: An Annotated Bibliography of Censuses of Population Taken after the Year 1790 by States and Territories of the United States, prepared by Henry J. Dubester, chief, Census Library Project, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., 1948. Selected items mentioned in Dubester‘s footnotes are also included.
Excludes states that did not publish state censuses