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Reviewed by: Cheryl LaGuardia, Research Librarian, Widener Library, Harvard University
Horticulture Research (HR) is a new online only, Open Access joint publication of Nanjing Agricultural University and the Nature Publishing Group (they who bring us the prestigious weekly Nature). HR publishes original research and reviews on biochemistry, biotechnology, cellular and molecular biology, environmental biology, evolution, genetics, genomics and breeding, and physiology of horticultural plants, and aims to provide a platform for promoting worldwide academic exchanges in horticulture. The editors are eager to publish material that provides strong evidence for the conclusions that are drawn, has broad significance to the field of horticulture along with importance to a specific field, and that has an element of novelty about it. Headings under which original research articles are published include genetics, breeding and germplasm; biotechnology and genetic engineering; genomics, proteomics and evolution; whole plant physiology and source/sink relation; cellular and molecular developmental biology; biochemistry, metabolome and product quality; and interactions with environments and other biological organism. Other kinds of material, such as Editorials, News and Views, and Comments (on significant events in horticultural fields with international interests) will also appear here.
As HR is a born digital title, material is published online as it passes through the review process, rather than in discrete issues. One especially interesting enhancement to material here is that “all Articles and Reviews [are] supported by an Editorial Summary…,. provided by NPG. [These are… professionally written, 100-150 word summaries of [the] article…, succinctly provid[ing] information to the reader about the aims, main outcomes and significant conclusions of the article. They [are] published under a Creative Commons license and authors and others [are] able to re-use, re-post, host and email Editorial Summaries to highlight the value of their work.” Given the need to provide impact factors for research, this will be of help to many authors.
An examination of recent issues reveals both the depth and breadth of research reported here. The article, “Transcriptome of Erysiphe necator-infected Vitis pseudoreticulata leaves provides insight into grapevine resistance to powdery mildew,” by authors from the State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology in Arid Areas (Northwest A&F University), College of Horticulture, Northwest A&F University, and Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology and Germplasm Innovation in Northwest China, Ministry of Agriculture, all in Yangling, Shanxi, China, is about “Powdery mildew (PM), which is caused by the pathogen Erysiphe necator (Schw.) Burr., [which] is the single most damaging disease of cultivated grapes (Vitis vinifera) worldwide.” The study’s findings “identified several candidate genes and pathways that may contribute to PM resistance in grapes and illustrated that RNA-seq is a powerful tool for studying gene expression. The RT-qPCR results reveal that effective resistance responses of grapes to PM include enhancement of JA and SAR responses and accumulation of phytoalexins.” The published study includes full-color figures and tables, as well as the methodology used and an extensive scholarly bibliography.
The recently-published Review Article, “Elucidating the molecular responses of apple rootstock resistant to ARD pathogens: challenges and opportunities for development of genomics-assisted breeding tools,” by two authors from the USDA ARS Tree Fruit Research Lab in Wenatchee, WA and an author from the USDA-ARS, Plant Genetic Resources Unit in Geneva, NY, is about apple replant disease (ARD), which “is a major limitation to the establishment of economically viable orchards on replant sites due to the buildup and long-term survival of pathogen inoculum.” The authors then discuss their work in studying different methods to control ARD. As this is a review article, a lengthy (152-item) bibliography follows the report on the research.
Horticulture Research is a very high-quality scholarly journal that should be considered a core title in library collections supporting any kind of horticultural study and research.