Abstract/Details

Assessing spiritual bypass in a clinical population: Initial test construction and validation

Duck, Terri K. 
 Louisiana Tech University ProQuest Dissertations Publishing,  2016. 10301524.

Abstract (summary)

Spirituality and religion have been incorporated into the field of psychotherapy and addiction treatment for many years, revealing connections between spiritual factors and aspects of psychological well-being such as anxiety, depression, and recovery from addiction. Substance abuse treatment programs that adhere to the 12-step model of recovery, and others that are spiritually-grounded, acknowledge the importance of a healthy spiritual life in the process of recovering from addiction. Recent research has highlighted a potentially troubling phenomenon known as spiritual bypass in which individuals use spirituality in unhealthy ways to avoid psychological pain and thus thwart growth and recovery. In the process of avoiding that pain, these individuals may present with a spiritual narcissism or an extremely external locus of control in which all responsibility for their psychological well-being is assigned to God or a Higher Power.

The objective of this study was to develop and validate a scale that accurately measures an individual's tendency to engage in the phenomenon of spiritual bypass by administering a pool of items to a sample from a substance abuse recovery population. Results of factor analysis revealed a measure containing two factors: Centrality of Spirituality/Religiosity and Avoidant Coping. The total measure and the two subscales showed good internal consistency. With further research to validate this measure, there are several ways in which it could be used within the context of psychotherapy, and, more specifically, in addiction treatment settings. Clinicians could use this measure to evaluate an individual's use of spirituality to cope with psychological pain and to initiate a discussion with the individual about the benefits of working through painful inner experiences instead of avoiding them.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Religion;
Psychology;
Spirituality
Classification
0318: Religion
0621: Psychology
0647: Spirituality
Identifier / keyword
Philosophy, religion and theology; Psychology; Religiosity; Spiritual Bypass; Spirituality and Addiction; Tendency for Spiritual Bypass
Title
Assessing spiritual bypass in a clinical population: Initial test construction and validation
Author
Duck, Terri K.
Number of pages
140
Degree date
2016
School code
0109
Source
DAI-B 78/05(E), Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
978-1-369-45912-8
Advisor
Young, Tony
University/institution
Louisiana Tech University
University location
United States -- Louisiana
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertation or Thesis
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
10301524
ProQuest document ID
1926499074
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
https://www.proquest.com/docview/1926499074