Abstract/Details

ESTIMATION OF LEVELS AND TRENDS OF THE U.S. ADULT BLACK MORTALITY DURING THE PERIOD 1870-1900 (UNITED STATES)

SULIMAN, SIRAG ELDIN HASSAN.  University of Pennsylvania. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 1983. 8406725.

Abstract (summary)

The levels and trends of the United States black mortality are among the important issues which have occupied social scientists since the Civil War. In the present research an attempt is made to estimate the adult mortality of the black population in the period 1870-1900 utilizing recently-developed techniques for processing incomplete or defective death registration data. The estimates are presented in the form of expectation of life rather than mortality rates.

In Chapter II the estimates obtained from the techniques that use dealth statistics by age and assume population stability are presented. Chapter III contains the estimates arrived at from the use of the techniques that do not require stability but still utilize the death statistics by age. These results are compared with the estimates obtained in Chapter II. An attempt is made to estimate the mortality levels and trends utilizing the techniques based on population age distributions only, without use of death statistics. These estimates are given in Chapter IV.

Finally, a summary of the results is given in Chapter V with a comparison to previous estimates and estimates for the white population for the same period. After a thorough study and careful scrutiny, a final estimate of expectation of life at age 10 is given for each decade. These estimates are then interpreted in the light of the socioeconomic conditions of the United States black population that prevailed before and after emancipation.

The estimates indicate a slight deterioration of adulthood mortality during the period, though the decline ceased towards the end of the 19th century. While the drop in the expectation of life at age 10 for the entire period was 1.70 years for males and 1.81 for females, the drop between 1880-1890 and 1890-1900 was .16 for males and .60 for females.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Economics
Classification
0501: Economics
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences
Title
ESTIMATION OF LEVELS AND TRENDS OF THE U.S. ADULT BLACK MORTALITY DURING THE PERIOD 1870-1900 (UNITED STATES)
Author
SULIMAN, SIRAG ELDIN HASSAN
Number of pages
217
Degree date
1983
School code
0175
Source
DAI-A 44/12, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
University/institution
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertation or Thesis
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
8406725
ProQuest document ID
303167925
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
https://www.proquest.com/docview/303167925