Abstract/Details

SOCIOECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC ASPECTS OF FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN URBAN CHILE

HEROLD, JOAN MILDRED.  University of Pennsylvania. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 1982. 8227279.

Abstract (summary)

This study examines the labor force participation of women in Chile in an attempt to determine the critical factors influencing the activity of women in a Latin American culture. Particular attention is focused on household composition and socioeconomic status.

The data set used in the study is a 5 percent sample of the 1970 Chilean population census on computer tape, supplemented by published census and survey data from earlier years. The principal approach for analysis is a comparison of labor force participation rates across specific subgroups of the population. This is accomplished through the use of cross-tabulations and Multiple Classification Analysis.

Variables included in the analysis are marital status, number and age of children, household structure, domestic servants in residence, household socioeconomic status, women's education, migration and residence.

Results of the study show that women's education is the primary factor for effecting female economic activity. The study establishes that strong institutional barriers exist for the labor force participation of married women, and it is concluded that these barriers are overcome by high socioeconomic status, through the advantage of education as well as the knowledge and privilege to deviate from traditional norms.

Single women are less constrained by norms prescribing familial roles for women. Yet education is also effective for their labor force participation levels. A large proportion of domestic servants in the labor force weakens the positive association for socioeconomic status and female activity among single women, but does not disturb the fundamental direction of the relationship.

Fertility is also found to have a positive association with married women's activity. But child care is eliminated as a major constraining factor because of the availability of substitutes for the mother's time through the presence of other females in the household and domestic servants. The conclusion drawn is that the fertility/labor force participation relationship is a result of underlying values that are affecting both of these behaviors.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Demographics
Classification
0938: Demographics
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences
Title
SOCIOECONOMIC AND DEMOGRAPHIC ASPECTS OF FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN URBAN CHILE
Author
HEROLD, JOAN MILDRED
Number of pages
281
Degree date
1982
School code
0175
Source
DAI-A 43/08, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
University/institution
University of Pennsylvania
University location
United States -- Pennsylvania
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertation or Thesis
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
8227279
ProQuest document ID
303249881
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
https://www.proquest.com/docview/303249881