Abstract/Details

Horoscopic ostraca from Medînet Mâdi

Ross, Micah Tecumseh. Brown University. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2006. 3227924.

Abstract (summary)

Horoscopic Ostraca from Medînet Mâdi presents thirty-four Demotic ostraca containing forty complete or partial horoscopes. After the provenance and cultural background of the ostraca are laid out, a survey of previous interpretations of the texts from Medînet Mâdi follows. Then, the previous methods of establishing a date for the collection are examined. Next, introductions are made of mathematical, astronomical, astrological and chronological concepts are made for the benefit of the non-specialist. Among these discussions, the use of numbers and fractions is introduced. Necessary astronomical terminology is defined and the causes of error in astronomical calculations is considered. A definition of horoscope is presented and the elements of a horoscope are established. The compositional style of Demotic and Greek horoscopes is contrasted. The calendars of Greco-Roman Egypt are explicated. The varieties of astrological and astronomical ostraca are defined and the results of a search for such texts among the ostraca of Medînet Mâdi is reported. The documentary aspects of horoscopic ostraca are discussed and the palaeography of Demotic zodiacal signs and planetary symbols is revisited. After these preliminaries are fixed, the horoscopes are divided into four classes. A transcription, transliteration, translation and commentary is presented for each ostracon. No separation is made between the astronomical and philological commentary. In the conclusion, these ostraca are used to establish a more secure historical dating for Medînet Mâdi. The range of astrological techniques is outlined and correspondences with the Petosirian tradition are noted. Some tentative conclusions are drawn about the scope of astronomical techniques used at Medînet Mâdi.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Science history;
Ancient civilizations;
Mathematics;
Archaeology
Classification
0585: Science history
0579: Ancient civilizations
0405: Mathematics
0324: Archaeology
Identifier / keyword
Social sciences; Pure sciences; Astronomy; Demotic; Egypt; Horoscopic; Medinet Madi; Ostraca
Title
Horoscopic ostraca from Medînet Mâdi
Author
Ross, Micah Tecumseh
Number of pages
282
Degree date
2006
School code
0024
Source
DAI-A 67/08, Dissertation Abstracts International
Place of publication
Ann Arbor
Country of publication
United States
ISBN
978-0-542-82125-7
Advisor
Slotsky, Alice Louise; Pingree, David Edwin
University/institution
Brown University
University location
United States -- Rhode Island
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertations & Theses
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
3227924
ProQuest document ID
305343256
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
https://www.proquest.com/docview/305343256