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Emotional Intelligence as a Predictor of Teacher Sense of Self-efficacy among Student Teachers in Jordan

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This study examined whether emotional intelligence would correlate with teacher's sense of self-efficacy in a sample of 123 student teachers at the Hashemite University in Jordan. Student teachers completed a two-part self-report in classrooms after the self-report measures were first translated into Arabic. They consisted of an emotional intelligence scale (EIQ) and a teacher sense of self-efficacy scale (TSES). Findings indicate that there is a significant and positive relationship between these two variables, and that some subscales on each measure were moderately related to each other while others were unrelated. Implications for teacher training were discussed.

There are a number of definitions for emotional intelligence (Bar-on, Handley & Fund, 2006; Cooper & Sawaf 1997; Goleman, 1998; Mayer & Salovey, 1997), but it is generally recognized as an ability (Mayer, Caruso & Salovey, 1999), a personality trait (Schutte & Malouff, 1999), or some combination thereof. Two competencies are involved - emotional and social.

Research on emotional intelligence now follows these two competencies, though both accept the premise that cognitive abilities alone cannot be taken as a sole predictor of intelligence, but that emotional competencies must also be addressed. Emotional intelligence is assessed in the ability perspective through intelligence-type tests. Emotional intelligence, from the trait perspective, is evaluated using a personality-type questionnaire, such as the one used in the current study. In their 2003 study, Petrides and Furnham described emotional intelligence as the ability to recognize and express one's own emotions and understand the emotions of others.

The conceptual term 'self-efficacy' is derived from Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory (1977), which emphasizes the importance of a number of factors influencing and shaping an individual's behavior. Self-efficacy was defined by Duffy and Lent (2009) as an individual's belief in one's capability to perform specific actions or behaviors required for the achievement of a...