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Using Apple Cider Vinegar for Weight Management on a Restricted Diet

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Dr. Orner reports no financial relationships relevant to this field of study.

SOURCE : Khezri SS, Saidpour A, Hosseinzadeh N, Amiri Z. Beneficial effects of apple cider vinegar on weight management, visceral adiposity index and lipid profile in overweight or obese subjects receiving restricted calorie diet: A randomized clinical trial. J Funct Foods 2018;43:95-102.

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

• Both the study and control groups followed a restricted calorie diet with a 250 kcal/day energy deficit. The study group received 30 mL of apple cider vinegar divided into15 mL at lunch and dinner.

• There was a statistically significant reduction in body fat and body mass index (BMI) in both groups, with a statically significant reduction in triglycerides, body weight, BMI, and hip girth in the study group compared to the control.

• There were no significant between-group differences in energy intake or physical activity.

Apple cider vinegar (ACV) has many uses in today’s society. An internet search of ACV will yield more than 17 million results, with articles ranging from food preparation to weight loss to facial toning. 1 Although vinegar has been used for centuries as a home remedy, there is a paucity of research supporting many of the claims for ACV.

In a 2009 randomized, controlled trial from Japan, researchers demonstrated that body weight, body mass index (BMI), and serum triglycerides lowered significantly in participants with obesity who ingested 15-30 mL of ACV vs. a placebo group. 2 The weight management benefits of vinegar are postulated to be due to acetic acid suppressing fat accumulation and appetite suppression due to nausea.

In this randomized clinical trial conducted from October to December of 2014, Khezri et al compared the effects of a restricted calorie diet (RCD) with 30 mL per day of ACV to a control group who had an RCD...