ProQuest
Abstract/Details

CONFLICT AND RESOLUTION IN HINDU GURUSHIP: THE TANTRIC GURUSHIP OF SITA RAM PANDEY (INDIA)

KELLOM, GAR EMERSON.   Graduate Theological Union ProQuest Dissertation & Theses,  1983. 8318826.

Abstract (summary)

The subject of this dissertation is Hindu Tantric Guruship in Modern India, a rapidly changing religious phenomenon with implications not only for the role of religious leadership in Indian Society but for Western Society as well. Although this subject has yet to be studied in sufficient depth, it is the object of this work to provide some background for understanding guruship in either cultural context.

The approach taken in the following pages is to analyze Tantric Guruship from both a horizontal and a vertical dimension. The horizontal or historical/textual approach reveals that Tantric guruship is an amalgamation of the roles of the ancient priest and the ancient teacher as well as the medieval Tantric guru. Fourteen characteristics which are basic to Tantric gurus are identified, and when taken together form a picture of the ideal Tantric guru. Inherent in this picture, however, are tensions between these various roles and between Tantric and Vedic elements of Hinduism which cause conflict in modern guruship.

The vertical or case study dimension of this dissertation is an analysis of the guruship of Sita Ram Pandey of Banaras who was propelled into guruship in 1975 and today claims over two thousand disciples. Data collected about Sita Ram over the past eight years is evaluated in terms of the fourteen basic characteristics. In about half of these categories Sita Ram adheres to what a Tantric guru is expected to be, but in the remaining half of the categories he has either been unsuccessful at resolving tensions inherent within Tantric guruship or for other reasons has created a guruship other than the ideal.

The overall picture which emerges is of Tantric guruship in transition from a traditional role based on the scriptures to a role more affected by and more responsive to the modern world. The last chapter proposes two of the major reasons why this change is taking place: the organization of the guruship into a religious movement, and the effect of modernization in Indian society.

Indexing (details)


Subject
Religious history
Classification
0320: Religious history
0638: South Asian Studies
Identifier / keyword
Philosophy, religion and theology
Title
CONFLICT AND RESOLUTION IN HINDU GURUSHIP: THE TANTRIC GURUSHIP OF SITA RAM PANDEY (INDIA)
Author
KELLOM, GAR EMERSON
Number of pages
207
Degree date
1983
School code
0080
Source
DAI-A 44/04, Dissertation Abstracts International
ISBN
979-8-204-61446-8
University/institution
Graduate Theological Union
University location
United States -- California
Degree
Ph.D.
Source type
Dissertation or Thesis
Language
English
Document type
Dissertation/Thesis
Dissertation/thesis number
8318826
ProQuest document ID
303160624
Copyright
Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.
Document URL
https://www.proquest.com/pqdtlocal1009185/docview/303160624/CE328B3B420E4086PQ/1