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THE 2018 CHBGS/PROQUEST EMERGING SCHOLAR AWARD DISSERTATION WINNER:

Simone R. Barrett, Morgan State University

"WE BRING THEE OUR LAURELS WHATEVER THEY BE:” A CONCISE HISTORY OF MORGAN STATE STUDENT-LED PROTEST

Black students were major contributors in the fight for equality and civil rights. By the mid-1930s black college students were members of the “National Student League and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Youth and College division. These black colleges were places primed for a youth movement to develop. These campuses provided a ready-made army of students willing to march, protest, sit-in and in some instances die for the equality of all Americans. Most Americans, black and white, are aware of the student-led protest at the Woolworth’s led by North Carolina Agriculture and Technical College students, the Free Speech Movement at University of California-Berkeley and the anti-war (Vietnam) protests at Kent State in Ohio. However, many Americans are unaware of the student-led protests prior to 1960 involving students from Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs).

This dissertation is a study of the various generations of student activism that made Morgan State a forerunner in transforming youth culture and restructuring the social, political, and economic landscape of America. Not only did these students protest in the communities but also on their campus, which resulted in both changes to Morgan’s and society’s policies. This dissertation incorporates the most recent research in social movement history to examine the Civil Rights Movement in Baltimore and throughout the state of Maryland, with a focus on the impact of Morgan student activism. This activism began 1930s with Morgan students’ involvement with the “National Student League” and with the creation of the Morgan NAACP chapter. Morganites have continued their crusade for civil, human, and equal rights to present day and have addressed the issues that plague African American communities.

The study will examine the racial climate of “Jim Crow” era Baltimore and Maryland, and the problems the student population encountered attending an institution of higher education for blacks, situated in an all-white community and funded by a majority white state legislature. In order to capture a portrait of several generations and movements in flux, this dissertation will additionally explore the formation of Morgan’s NAACP chapter and the Civic Interest Group, This work will analyze the unique impact of female activists, the evolution of student activists’ agendas, strategies, and tactics; while examining relationships between the students and the other (adult) civil rights organizations. Lastly, this study will delve into the racial climate in Maryland, specifically Baltimore in recent years and its impact on Morgan’s students.

The objective of this study is to revise the history associated with black college activism to include Morgan State’s contributions, while redefining the perception of black colleges and the protests led by these students.

THE 2018 CHBGS/PROQUEST EMERGING SCHOLAR AWARD THESIS WINNER:

Anish Bhandari, Morgan State University

HIGH THROUGHPUT CRYSTALLIZATION OF GLUTATHIONE USING THE ICRYSTAL SYSTEM AND METAL-ASSISTED AND MICROWAVE-ACCELERATED EVAPORATIVE CRYSTALLIZATION (MA-MAEC) TECHNIQUE.

Metal-Assisted and Microwave-Accelerated Evaporative Crystallization (MA-MAEC) is a novel technique in the field of evaporative crystallization led by the Aslan Research Group. The MA-MAEC technique is based on combined use of microwave heating (speeds up the process) and metal nanoparticle structure such as silver, gold, copper, Indium tin oxide (ITO), nickel (provides selective nucleation sites) to yield quality crystals of individual amino acids, small molecules,and peptides in a very short period of time.

This Master of Science thesis focuses on the crystallization of glutathione (GSH), a tripeptide on 95-well iCrystal plates using a mono-mode microwave cavity (the iCrystal system) via MA-MAEC technique to yield high quality crystals. The previous studies of GSH crystallization using the MA-MAEC technique with Silver Nano films (SNFs)-deposited 21-well iCrystal platform proved most effective based on the crystallization time and the overall quality of GSH crystals at 500 mg/mL concentration. Sodium acetate was chosen to be the best solvent for crystallization. In this study, we put together the underlying mechanism studied in the prior research of GSH crystallization to successfully perform the crystallization on an ITO plated 95-well iCrystal plate at 500 mg/mL concentration at 5, 10, 30, 60 and 120 minutes time intervals hereby to enhance the crystallization process. Time of crystallization, crystal size, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were used to characterize crystals.

The results demonstrated that the MA-MAEC technique affords for the rapid crystallization of GSH in a high-throughput fashion using the iCrystal monomode microwave system. The crystallization time was reduced by up to 3-fold compared to control conditions (room temperature). Crystal morphology of the product crystals was similar to those reported in the literature.