New Collection Added! National Security Archive (NSA): The U.S. Intelligence Community after 9/11
Click here for more information
"All of us who have a professional interest in contemporary security and foreign policy issues can only rejoice at the appearance of this new institutional resource."
Gary Sick, Adjunct Professor of Middle East Politics, Columbia University
For several years the National Security Archive, a non-profit research institute, has been working to locate, have declassified, organize, and index government documents on key areas of U.S. policy making. Through systematic document searching, sophisticated use of the Freedom of Information Act, and computer-based cataloging, the archive has developed an unmatchable collection of primary materials indispensable for research and public debate.
This resource is now available to researchers in their own libraries. Each fully indexed document set is accompanied by a printed guide and index.
Afghanistan: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1973-1990
An underdeveloped, tribal-based country, deemed strategically insignificant by the U.S. for decades, Afghanistan became a battleground for the bloodiest and costliest superpower proxy war of the 1980s. Afghanistan, 1973-1990 contains a comprehensive, day-by-day record of the making of U.S. policy towards Afghanistan at that time.
Over 15,000 pages of primary source materials provide a wealth of information on topics including the overthrow of Afghan King Zahir Shah, events leading to the "Saur Revolution" in 1978, Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, U.S. attempts to support the Afghan rebels, and negotiations to end the conflict.
424 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: Afghanistan: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1973-1990
ISBN 0 89887 075 5
The Berlin Crisis, 1958-1962
A comprehensive record of the making of U.S. policy toward Berlin and West Germany. It contains over 2,900 documents totaling over 11,500 pages, many of them only recently declassified and available here for the first time. Central to the collection are documents dating from November 1958 to the autumn of 1962 which enable researchers to follow U.S. policy development on a day-to-day basis, discovering the interrelations between U.S. diplomatic and military policy over the course of the crises. The collection also includes a few documents dating from late 1953, when the Eisenhower administration began to formulate its Berlin contingency plan, and closes in the late 1960s with a series of newly declassified State Department histories.
460 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: The Berlin Crisis, 1958-1962; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 096 8
China and the United States: From Hostility to Engagement, 1960-1998
This collection pulls together more than 2,000 documents concerning the relationship between the United States and China, with an emphasis on the 1969-1998 time period. The documents include memos, cables, and studies concerning U.S. diplomatic relations with China, records concerning the U.S.-PRC security relationship, documents related to the economic and scientific association with the PRC, and intelligence estimates and studies concerning the PRC's foreign policy objectives, military capabilities, and internal situation.
374 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: China and the United States: From Hostility to Engagement, 1960-1998 1 vol
ISBN : 0-89887-212-X
The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
15,000 pages of documents trace the history of the most dangerous crisis of the nuclear era. This collection covers the aftermath of the Bay of Pigs; the U.S. secret war against Castro; the first intelligence reports pointing to the deployment of Soviet missiles in Cuba; crisis management in Washington; the military's enforcement of a naval blockade of Cuba and its preparation for a massive invasion; and the agreements reached by John Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev that pulled their nations back from the brink of war.
586 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 071 2
The Cuban Missile Crisis Revisited:
An International Collection of Documents,
From the Bay of Pigs to the Brink of Nuclear War
This compilation of documents contains some extraordinary new documentation on the Cuban missile crisis that will enhance historical research for years to come. Recently released Russian records will shed light on the decision making of the Soviet Politburo, on previously unknown military deployments of tactical nuclear weapons, and on the type and tenor of communications with Fidel Castro. Cuban documentation will provide historians with a better understanding of Castro's independence during and after the crisis, as well as on the capabilities of Cuban intelligence to track and counter the covert efforts of the Kennedy administration to roll back the Cuban revolution. The U.S. documents in this collection provide new insight into what went wrong at the Bay of Pigs, the decision-making process of Kennedy's executive committee, strategic planning of the U.S. military, and previously unidentified confrontations with Soviet forces.
This document set contains 1,463 records, covering a date range from 1959, when Castro took power, all the way through the mid-1970s when the issue of Soviet submarines docking for repairs in Cuba briefly recreated the tension of the missile crisis in Washington's relations with Moscow.
264 microfiche with 1-volume printed guide and index
Guide: The Cuban Missile Crisis Revisited: An International Collection Of Documents, From The Bay Of Pigs To The Brink Of Nuclear War ISBN: 0-608-26734-1; ISBN-13: 978-0-608-26734-0
Death Squads, Guerrilla Wars, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954-1999
The Guatemalan military kept detailed records of its death squad operations. The death squad logbook reveals the fate of scores of Guatemalan citizens who were "disappeared" by security forces during the mid-1980s. Replete with photos of 183 victims and coded references to their executions, the document was smuggled out of the Guatemalan army's intelligence files and provided to human rights advocates in February, just two days before a U.N.-sponsored truth commission released its report, which is in the collection.
The collection contains more than 2,000 primary documents, including papers from the CIA, State Department, Defense Department, Agency for International Development, National Security Council, U.S. embassy in Guatemala, White House, and other government sources.
388 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Death Squads, Guerrilla Wars, Covert Operations, and Genocide: Guatemala and the United States, 1954-1999 1 vol. ISBN: 0-608-21111-7
El Salvador: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1977-1984
27,000 pages of rarely seen government documents record one of the most passionately debated yet inadequately understood subjects of the day -- U.S. intelligence gathering and policy-making activities in El Salvador. Drawn from the files of more than a dozen top-level government agencies, the collection provides a comprehensive picture of America's political, economic, and military involvement through the Carter and Reagan administrations.
870 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: El Salvador: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1977-1984; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 062 3
El Salvador II: War, Peace, and Human Rights, 1980-1994
The second set of declassified U.S. records concerning El Salvador, this collection incorporates several thousand U.S. government documents relevant to the human rights cases studied by the United Nations Truth Commission. Following the March 15, 1993, release of the commission's groundbreaking investigation, From Madness to Hope: The 12-Year War in El Salvador, members of the United States Congress wrote to President Clinton asking that the government documents be declassified for public inspection.
220 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: El Salvador: War, Peace, and Human Rights, 1980-1994 1 vol ISBN: 0-89887-189-1
Iran: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1977-1980
This collection presents an in-depth view of America's involvement in Iran from the Carter Administration's dealings with the Shah through shifting relations with the provisional government of Prime Minister Bazargan to the beginning of the hostage crisis. Included are hundreds of highly sensitive cables and memos seized by the Iranian militants who in many cases reconstructed shredded materials.
565 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: Iran: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1977-1980; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 068 2
The Iran-Contra Affair: The Making of a Scandal, 1983-1988
A complete documentary record of the Iran-Contra affair both from official sources and from materials provided by scholars, journalists, and even players in the scandal. Among the remarkable documents in this collection are minutes of Restricted Inter-Agency Group and National Security Planning Group meetings and multiple drafts of National Security Decision Directives highlighting the internal bureaucratic processes involved in formulating and carrying out foreign policy. Many of the documents included have never been declassified before.
664 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: The Iran-Contra Affair: The Making of a Scandal, 1983-1988; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 066 6
Iraqgate: Saddam Hussein, U.S. Policy, and the Prelude to the Persian Gulf War, 1980-1994
The collection brings together a wealth of materials which trace U.S. policy toward Iraq prior to the Persian Gulf War, as well as U.S. government reactions to revelations about the Banca Nazionale del Lavoro (BNL) scandal and the secret arming of Saddam Hussein's regime. The set also focuses on the economic issues at play in the U.S. relationship with Iraq. Documents are derived from virtually every federal agency involved in U.S.-Iraq policy and the BNL affair. The collection contains 1,900 documents representing nearly 10,000 pages of rarely seen documentation from the highest levels of government.
331 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Iraqgate: Saddam Hussein, U.S. Policy, and the Prelude to the Persian Gulf War (1980-1994) 1 vol.
Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, Part I, 1960-1976
This collection pulls together more than 2,000 primary source documents detailing the relationship between the United States and Japan during the formative years of their modern alliance. The documents, most of which appear here for the first time, include records of historic U.S.-Japanese summit meetings; communications between heads of state; top-level internal deliberations, including Nixon and Kissinger memoranda of conversation; memos, cables, and studies concerning U.S. diplomatic relations with Japan; records concerning the U.S.-Japan security relationship; documents related to trade and international monetary relations with Japan; and intelligence estimates and studies concerning Japan's foreign policy objectives, military capabilities, economic policies, and internal situation.
316 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, 1960-1976 1 vol ISBN: 0-608-21084-6
Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, Part II, 1977-1992
In this second part of the NSA documentation on Japan and U.S. relations, researchers can review primary source government documents that detail the impact of post-Cold War politics on Japan-U.S. relations. As Japan emerges from this period as an economic power in its own right, events such as the Lockheed and Watergate scandals challenge U.S.-Japan diplomatic and economic relations. With the fall of the Soviet regime, the diplomatic rational for the Japan-U.S. alliance is further tested. As lesser Cold War adversaries China and North Korea and new regional and non-state based threats begin to challenge a unique North American "unipolar moment,” Japan-U.S. relations are redefined. The NSA documents covering this period are of central importance in researching these events and issues, and include documentation of summits between Presidents Carter, Reagan, and Bush and their Japanese counterparts, policy reviews, internal assessments of various aspects of Japan's foreign, military, and economic policies, and intelligence reports, as well as memoranda of conversation and diplomatic cables that provide an intimate view of the dynamics of the U.S.-Japan relationship.
278 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Japan and the United States: Diplomatic, Security, and Economic Relations, 1977-1992
The Kissinger Transcripts: A Verbatim Record of U.S. Diplomacy, 1969-1977
As national security adviser (1969-1975) and secretary of state (1973-1977), Henry A. Kissinger played a central, and sometimes dominating, role in shaping U.S. foreign and military policy during the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. In this role Kissinger helped prosecute as well as negotiate an end to the Vietnam War; he carried out secret diplomacy to advance détente with the Soviet Union and rapprochement with China. He pressed for covert operations to destroy the Allende regime in Chile, and implemented the tilt to Pakistan during the 1971 South Asia Crisis. In later years he presided over U.S. policy during the October 1973 Middle East war soon after which he employed a "Shuttle Diplomacy" to contain the Middle East crisis. These are only a few of the prominent political events in which he played a major role.
Some three quarters of the 2,163 declassified documents in this collection were produced by Kissinger and his assistants on the National Security Council staff. Even after Kissinger became secretary of state, he relied on the NSC system for keeping meeting records, especially of the most sensitive matters such as relations with Beijing and Moscow, Middle East diplomacy, or meetings with the president. For those events when he did not rely on the NSC staff to record a meeting, he depended on a State Department country desk director or more senior officials, such as deputy or assistant secretaries of state, to prepare the "memcons." A noteworthy feature of the records of Kissinger's memcons is that they are literally verbatim records of the meetings.
490 microfiche with guide and index (guide/index available later in 2005)
Guide:The Kissinger Transcripts: A Verbatim Record of U.S. Diplomacy, 1969-1977, Guide and Index. ISBN 0-608-26710-4 (available later in 2005)
New Collection! National Security Archive (NSA): The U.S. Intelligence Community after 9/11
Source documents detailing the activities of the U.S. Intelligence Community since 9/11/2001.
Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the U.S. Intelligence Community has been the focus of extraordinary public and policy attention, and the subject of significant changes aimed at enhancing the government’s ability to protect national security. Some of these changes would have occurred as the result of a natural evolutionary process – that is, due to new ideas and technological opportunities. But others, such as the creation of the office of the Director of National Intelligence, are direct consequences of 9/11 and the questions that arose surrounding the community’s performance prior to the attacks. The U.S. Intelligence Community after 9/11 includes all relevant documentation concerning the organizational changes made since 9/11, as well as information about intelligence activities that have occurred since the attacks – including material on collection, counterintelligence, and analysis. A particular feature of the set is its inclusion of the results of all official Congressional and executive branch inquiries into, and assessments of, Intelligence Community performance regarding 9/11, the war in Iraq, and other similar issues of major public concern.
Guide: The U.S. Intelligence Community after 9/11, Guide and Index 1 vol.
Nicaragua: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1978-1990
The Nicaragua collection documents the most controversial foreign policy issue in recent memory: U.S. relations with the Sandinista Revolution. Over 3,500 documents totalling 13,000 pages -- many of them recently declassified cables between the State Department and the U.S. mbassy in Managua -- provide a highly productive source for the analysis of U.S. policy towards the Nicaraguan revolution from the overthrow of Somoza, through the advent of the U.S.-sponsored Contras to the February 1990 defeat of the revolutionary government.
579 microfiche with 3-volume printed guide and index
Guide: Nicaragua: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1978-1990; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 088 7
Peru: Human Rights, Drugs and Democracy, 1980-2000
Click here to download brochure (PDF)
See the full picture of two decades of upheaval
Peru: Human Rights, Drugs and Democracy, 1980-2000, is a uniquely detailed collection of records documenting U.S. foreign policy at work in Latin America, as well as the fascinating story of domestic politics in Peru. These documents, virtually all previously classified, and incorporating the latest U.S. government releases, provide a look inside the civil war, internal repression, and growing authoritarianism during three successive Peruvian administrations, as witnessed by the U.S. embassy in Lima, U.S. military officials, and U.S. intelligence. Simply put, there is no available compilation of materials on the subject that comes close to the quality and extent of coverage provided by this collection.
313 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Peru: Human Rights, Drugs and Democracy, 1980-2000
The Philippines: U.S. Policy during the Marcos Years, 1965-1986
A quintessential case study of U.S. policy towards a strategic Third World ally highlighting the often conflicting interests that arose between the U.S. and the Marcos presidency.
These documents represent a rich primary source for the analysis of U.S. policy towards the Philippines during the twenty-year rule of Ferdinand E. Marcos. The bulk of the material consists of papers, only recently made available to the public, produced between late 1965, when Marcos ran successfully for his first term as president of the Philippines, to February 1986, when he and his entourage fled into exile.
652 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: The Philippines: U.S. Policy during the Marcos Years, 1965-1986; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 077 1
Presidential Directives on National Security from Truman to Clinton
Presidential Directives on National Security From Truman to Clinton provides a unique collection of documents pertaining to all aspects of U.S. national security policy – foreign, defense, intelligence, and international economic policy – and structure. The collection consists of over 2,100 documents totaling 30,855 pages, and covers all administrations from Truman to Clinton.
411 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Presidential Directives on National Security from Truman to Clinton 1 vol. ISBN: 0-608-21086-2
Presidential Directives on National Security, Part II: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush
This collection is a follow-up publication to Presidential Directives on National Security From Truman to Clinton, which was published in 1994. As with the first volume, this collection consists of the highest-level documents issued by modern U.S. presidents pertaining to all elements of U.S. national security policy – foreign policy, defense policy, intelligence, international economic policy, as well as organizational structure and initiatives. The publication of Part II has been made possible by the declassification since 1994 of a substantial number of previously unavailable records.
The collection consists of 1,836 documents, totaling 23,612 pages, and covering all administrations from Truman to the George W. Bush administration.
458 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Presidential Directives on National Security, Part II: From Harry Truman to George W. Bush 1 vol.
South Africa: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1962-1989
Over 12,000 pages of primary source documents describing U.S. support, implementation, enforcement, and violations of the U.N.-sponsored sanctions against South Africa provide a case study of a U.S. foreign policy lacking in strategy and driven by reaction to events.
The collection deals with all major events both domestic and foreign relating to South Africa from the reaction of the international community to the 1960 Sharpville massacre to the developments of the Reagan administration, including South Africa's circumvention of arms embargoes and U.S.-South African support for rebels in Angola.
439 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: South Africa: The Making of U.S. Policy, 1962-1989; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 073 9
The Soviet Estimate: U.S. Analysis of the Soviet Union, 1947-1991
This collection contains more than 600 intelligence estimates and reports, representing nearly 14,000 pages of documentation from the office of the Director of Central Intelligence, the National Intelligence Council, the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, and other organizations. The set includes several hundred pages of debriefing transcripts and other documentation related to Colonel Oleg Penkovskii, the most important human source operated by the CIA during the Cold War, who later was charged with treason and executed by the Soviet Union. Also published here for the first time is the Pentagon's Top Secret 1,000-page internal history of the United States-Soviet Union arms race.
190 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: The Soviet Estimate: U.S. Analysis of the Soviet Union, 1947-1991 1 vol. ISBN: 0-608-21085-4
Terrorism and U.S. Policy, 1968-2002
The principal focus of this collection is international terrorism. Beginning with the July 1968 hijacking of an El Al jet to Algiers, the first politically motivated hijacking and hostage-taking episode of its kind, the set provides coverage of literally dozens of incidents over the years. Special attention has gone to episodes that targeted Americans or U.S. interests. While the documents treat events from all over the world, the editors have given particular emphasis to the Middle East and Southwest Asia because of the special importance of that region for understanding this subject, particularly after September 11.
One of the highlights of the collection is the selection of material won as the result of the lawsuit filed by former AP reporter and hostage Terry A. Anderson. Those documents, on file at the National Security Archive, include highly sensitive reports from U.S. military and other intelligence elements that give important insights into the scope and depth of intelligence reporting and analysis about terrorism in the 1980s. Another feature of the published collection is a complete set of the declassified records of meetings of the Cabinet Committee to Combat Terrorism, one of the most important decision-making bodies on terrorism during the Nixon and Ford administrations.
409 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: Terrorism and U.S. Policy, 1968-2002 1 vol ISBN: 0-608-21122-2
U.S. Espionage and Intelligence, 1947-1996
This collection provides a detailed description of the varied civilian and military organizations that constitute the U.S. intelligence community, their past and present operations, and the mechanisms by which the community's activities are managed. The collection consists of 1,180 documents, totaling 36,023 pages.
490 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: U.S. Espionage and Intelligence: Organization, Operations, and Management, 1947-1996 1 Vol. ISBN: 0-89887-201-4
The U.S. Intelligence Community: Organization, Operations and Management, 1947-1989
Previously inaccessible organization and function manuals, unit histories, and internal directives provide researchers with the most comprehensive structural portrait of the U.S. espionage establishment ever published.
This remarkable collection details the evolution of the U.S. intelligence community and the structure, activities, and distribution of tasks among its members revealing the surprising number of agencies involved in intelligence work.
266 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: The U.S. Intelligence Community: Organization, Operations and Management, 1947-1989; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 083 6
U.S. Intelligence on Weapons of Mass Destruction: From World War II to Iraq
This collection is comprised of the data compiled over several years by Jeffrey Richelson, one of the world’s leading experts on intelligence, who used it as the basis for a new, widely acclaimed book, Spying on the Bomb: American Nuclear Intelligence from Nazi Germany to Iran and North Korea (W.W. Norton, 2006). Writing in the Wall Street Journal, Gabriel Schoenfeld of Commentary magazine called it “an engrossing book” and “an exhaustively researched account,” while Stanford’s David Holloway praised Richelson in the New York Times for having “brought together a huge amount of information” that “could hardly be more timely.”
Now the once largely inaccessible primary source material Richelson used to write his groundbreaking account is available -- in one user-friendly place -- for researchers to draw upon. Consisting of over 600 documents and 8,300 pages, this is by far the most comprehensive collection of the U.S. intelligence community’s intensive spying effort on the world’s nuclear, biological, chemical, ballistic missile, and military space programs from World War II to the present. The records come from an extensive series of Freedom of Information Act requests and in-depth archival research and provide the most complete available picture of the weapons of mass destruction and military space programs of Iraq, Iran, China, the Soviet Union, South Africa, France, India, and other countries over the past 60 years.
154 fiche with printed guide/index.
U.S. Military Uses of Space, 1945-1991
Since the late 1950s, the United States has spent several hundred billion dollars to develop and deploy a constellation of spacecraft to support foreign policy and military operations.
Military Uses of Space consolidates 15,000 pages of rarely seen documents which provide insight into U.S. policy toward military uses of outer space. Providing a detailed record of the space program from the conceptualization to the implementation of today's advanced capabilities, documents cover military space programs, space policy, and space weaponry, all the way up to Desert Storm.
239 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: U.S. Military Uses of Space, 1945-1991; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 092 5
U.S. Nuclear History: Nuclear Arms and Politics in the Missile Age, 1955-1968
This collection comprehensively documents major developments in U.S. nuclear weapons policies and programs from the mid-1950s through 1968, the period that set the nuclear stage for the decades of the Cold War that followed. Given the importance of the nuclear competition to superpower tensions during the post-World War II era, not only as a source of friction in itself but as an element that made the tensions inconceivably dangerous, the documents in this collection introduce the reader to one of the critical inner mechanisms of the Cold War.
358 microfiche with printed guide and index
Guide: U.S. Nuclear History: Nuclear Arms and Politics in the Missile Age, 1955-1968 1 vol. ISBN: 0-608-21087-0
U.S. Nuclear Non-Proliferation Policy, 1945-1991
A comprehensive documentary record of U.S. nuclear non-proliferation policy from the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki through the 1989 exporting scandals. More than 2,600 recently declassified and unclassified government documents published here for the first time provide scholars with immediate access to information on three policy-making periods: 1945-1963, when the U.S. policy was international control of atomic energy; 1954-1974, when the policy changed with Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" program; and 1974-1989, with the competing issues of an export-driven non-proliferation policy and U.S. obligations established under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty of 1968.
448 microfiche with 2-volume printed guide and index
Guide: U.S. Nuclear Non-Proliferation, 1945-1991; Guide and Index
ISBN 0 89887 094 1
U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, Part I: 1954-1968
This collection documents the deadliest conflict in modern U.S. history prior to the current war against terrorism. The goal was to assemble both classic and relatively well-known documentary sources as well as the most recent declassified materials, making a single comprehensive resource for primary substantive research on the Vietnam conflict.
The set consists primarily of documents from the White House, National Security Council, State Department, Defense Department, and other federal agencies involved in policy making on the war in Southeast Asia. It also features detailed reporting from the field as well as analysis from the Central Intelligence Agency, the Defense Intelligence Agency, American embassies overseas, U.S. regional military commands, especially the Military Assistance Command Vietnam (MACV), and the uniformed military services. There are also certain documents from foreign sources, including the governments of South Vietnam, North Vietnam, the Soviet Union, China, the United Kingdom, and others. Additional documentation, including diplomatic documents from the governments of Sweden, Hungary, and Poland, and other material, is available for research on the premises of the National Security Archive.
427 fiche with printed guide and index
Guide: U. S. Policy in the Vietnam War, Part I: 1954-1968 Guide and Index
U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, Part II: 1969-1975
This collection had its origins in the National Security Archive’s interest in documenting the deadliest conflict in modern U.S. history. The goal was to create a collection presenting classic sources, relatively well-known documentary information, and the most recently declassified materials to produce a comprehensive resource for primary substantive research on the Vietnam conflict.
Part II of this collection presents the first major selection of Vietnam War primary source documents from the Nixon and Ford administrations to be made directly available to scholars. There are important materials in every subset: "Pacification/Phoenix" subset materials highlight one of the most controversial programs of the Vietnam era; the collection also features the Nixon administration’s deliberations on withdrawals from South Vietnam, the 1970 invasion of Cambodia, and the best available sources on the final peace talks and the "Christmas Bombing." The "Fall of South Vietnam" subset contains detailed coverage on the end of the Saigon government and the Vietnam War. Along with important CIA interpretive materials, there is a separate index to the Gravel edition of the Pentagon Papers, as well as the fully declassified diplomatic volumes of the Pentagon Papers. These and other materials are available for research on the premises of the National Security Archive.
405 fiche with printed guide and index
Guide: U.S. Policy in the Vietnam War, Part II: 1969-1975 Guide and Index