Documents on the Near and Middle East span the Arab states of Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Transjordan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. They also cover those states which came later to be known, with Turkey, as the Northern Tier, namely Iran (Persia) and Afghanistan. The papers focus on Persia, Syria, and Lebanon. Matters of regional interest-such as Soviet policy toward the Middle East, communism in the region, the oil industry, and the business of the Arab League-are also documented. There are frank and detailed studies of leaders in Saudi Arabia and full reporting on political events in Iraq. Turkey was at the forefront of the cold war and its relations with the two superpowers, as well as with Britain, were observed. Communist and covert Soviet activities were monitored in the Middle East generally but especially in Turkey. British foreign policy in the Middle East also was sensitive to Jewish affairs and Palestine's strategic significance for oil transshipment.