On September 16, 1891, Captain E. L. Randall, sent a telegram from his post at Fort Ringgold, Texas, to the assistant adjutant general of the U.S. Army_s Department of Texas with the following news: _I have received information that at six o_clock last night C. E. Garcia crossed into Mexico when 14 miles below here with over 50 armed men, his object to attempt a revolution_ (Reel 1, Frame 0004). The man to whom Randall referred as C. E. Garcia was actually named Catarino Garza, a name the officers in the U.S. Army_s Department of Texas would come to know only too well over the next two years. In September 1891, Catarino Garza issued a proclamation to the people of Mexico. Arguing that his fellow citizens were treated like _despicable slaves,_ that the Mexican government was plagued by _frightful corruption,_ that freedom of the press had been squashed, and that the Constitution of 1857 had been betrayed, Garza called on Mexicans to _rise in mass in the name of liberty, the constitution and the public conscience_(Reel 1, Frame 0121_0126).
In support of his revolutionary goals, according to documents in The Garza Revolution, 1891_1893, Catarino Garza and about sixty to eighty of his followers crossed into Mexico in September 1891 to overthrow the Mexican government. Over the next two years, U.S. Army personnel in the Department of Texas worked with the Mexican government in an attempt to track down the revolutionaries. This collection, filmed from the holdings of the National Archives Building, Washington, D.C., consists of correspondence of the U.S. Army Department of Texas from September 1891 through September 1893. During this time, U.S. Army officials filed almost daily reports on the status of their operations along the Texas-Mexico border. In these telegrams, letters, and official reports, officers reported on their own troop movements, scouting operations, sightings of and skirmishes with the revolutionaries, and conditions on local ranches and in villages in the region. The major correspondents represented in the collection are Captain John G. Bourke of the 3rd Cavalry, Captain George F. Chase of the 3rd Cavalry, Captain George K. Hunter of the 3rd Cavalry, Captain E. L. Randall at Fort Ringgold, U.S. Consul at Matamoras John B. Richardson, Captain F. H. Hardie of the 3rd Cavalry, Stephen O_Connor of the 23rd Infantry, M. Romero of the Mexican Legation in Washington, D.C., and P. Ornelas, the Mexican consul at San Antonio.