On August 1, 1986, the United States and Japan signed a landmark trade agreement that put into place the means for ending disputes involving the international trade of semiconductor "chips," the basic building blocks of all technologically advanced economies. Politicians, lawyers, and economists have debated the wisdom of the agreement: critics view it as a means of protecting American semiconductor manufacturers from the consequences of their own mismanagement at the expense of their customers; supporters see it as a necessary attempt to ward off Japanese efforts to destroy a U.S._based industry by means of industrial targeting and below-cost dumping of goods. But no one questions the historic nature of the agreement and of the cases that led to it.
Now, for the first time, the complete collection of documents from all four Japan_U.S. semiconductor cases is being published. Included are all the briefs, petitions, questionnaires, memoranda, reports, complaints, and supporting documents on the cases.