The Rearmament of Japan speaks with rare immediacy to this cold-war definition of peace and focuses on U.S efforts to both rearm Japan and later ally with her in a series of cooperative security agreements against the Communist threat. With vital U.S. government materials collected here, scholars are able to reevaluate the moral and political dilemma of Japan_s remilitarization. From the beginning of the rearmament effort in 1947 to the end of U.S. Occupation in 1952, Japan struggled to reconcile its dedication to pacifism with its legitimate national security needs. What emerged was a controversial policy of self-defense that, some argued, was at odds with Article 9 of the 1947 Constitution. Scholars will be fascinated by Japan_s internal debate over this "Renunciation of War" clause, especially as it was reported by U.S. government officials who supported Japan_s rearmament, both economically and politically.