This collection offers over 4,700 memoranda from the first three years of Warren_s tenure as chief justice. The conference memoranda are fascinating for a number of reasons. First, they include detailed comments on all cases, including cases the Court ultimately did not hear. Second, the conference memoranda often include very candid views, views that do not make it into the final opinions issued by the Court. Third, in addition to these candid views, Warren_s memoranda are especially interesting because Warren made handwritten notes or annotations on a large number of the cases. In these notes, Warren wrote his own opinions about the cases and critiqued his law clerks. Fourth, the conference memoranda show that Warren and his clerks spent a considerable amount of time on all cases, even those in which the Court ultimately denied certiorari. Fifth, the conference memoranda often include background information on the cases, research that usually did not make it into the final opinion.