Slavery in Ante-Bellum Southern Industries presents a wealth of primary material on the issues surrounding industrial uses of slave labor. The materials selected include company records; business and personal correspondence of industrialists, their managers, financiers, and customers; documents pertaining to the purchase, hire, medical care, and provisioning of slave laborers; descriptions of actual production processes; journals recounting costs and income; and more. ; font-family: Series D, Part 1 concentrates on the mining and smelting industries, which were major non-farm users of slave labor in the South. Virginia, with its rich ore-banks and timber, was one of the leading producers of coal and iron in ante-bellum America. Virginia also had the largest slave population among the states until after 1860. The holdings of the University of Virginia Library illustrate the intricacies of the mining and smelting businesses, their interrelations with the plantation regime, and the activities of African American slaves in the Old Dominion.