During the 1990s and into the twenty-first century, the African continent experienced several deadly civil wars, two terrorist attacks on U.S. embassies, and a major public health crisis caused by an epidemic of HIV/AIDS. Several of these events gained greater notoriety when they became subjects of three major motion pictures: Hotel Rwanda, Black Hawk Down, and Blood Diamond. With this collection of Special Studies, researchers can study this turbulent period in African history from the perspective of experts in the field.
Reports in this publication focus on international trade, the HIV/AIDS crisis, and violence and civil war in sub-Saharan Africa. These themes are covered in a section of general reports on Africa, as well as in the country-specific sections that follow. The countries covered in alphabetical order are: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Within the reports for each country, the documents are arranged by date of publication.